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Summarised Rites of Hajj [Flyer]

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5 types of Major Kufr (which excludes a person from Islam)

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

1) Kufr al-Takdheeb: This implies disbelieving the Divine Truth or denying of anyone of the six articles of Faith.
Allah عز وجل says:

فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّن كَذَبَ عَلَى اللَّـهِ وَكَذَّبَ بِالصِّدْقِ إِذْ جَاءَهُ ۚ أَلَيْسَ فِي جَهَنَّمَ مَثْوًى لِّلْكَافِرِينَ

{Then, who does more wrong than one who utters a lie against Allaah, and denies the truth [this Qur’aan, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, Tawheed, the Resurrection and the reward or punishment according to good or evil deeds] when it comes to him! Is there not in Hell an abode for the disbelievers?}

[Surah al-Zumar (39): 32]

2) Kufr al-Ibaa’ wat-Takabbur maat-Tasdeeq: This implies rejection and pride to submit to Allaah’s Commandments after conviction of their truth.

Allah عز وجل says:

وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ أَبَىٰ وَاسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ

{And (remember) when We (Allaah) said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves before Aadam.” And they prostrated except Iblees (Satan), he refused (Abaa) and was proud (was-Takbara) and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allaah)} [Surah al-Baqarah 2:34]

3) Kufr ash-Shak wal-Dhan: This implies doubting or lacking of conviction in the six articles of Faith.

Allaah says:

وَدَخَلَ جَنَّتَهُ وَهُوَ ظَالِمٌ لِّنَفْسِهِ قَالَ مَا أَظُنُّ أَن تَبِيدَ هَـٰذِهِ أَبَدًا * وَمَا أَظُنُّ السَّاعَةَ قَائِمَةً وَلَئِن رُّدِدتُّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّي لَأَجِدَنَّ خَيْرًا مِّنْهَا مُنقَلَبًا * قَالَ لَهُ صَاحِبُهُ وَهُوَ يُحَاوِرُهُ أَكَفَرْتَ بِالَّذِي خَلَقَكَ مِن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ مِن نُّطْفَةٍ ثُمَّ سَوَّاكَ رَجُلًا * لَّـٰكِنَّا هُوَ اللَّـهُ رَبِّي وَلَا أُشْرِكُ بِرَبِّي أَحَدًا

{And he went into his garden while in a state (of pride and disbelief) unjust to himself. He said: “I think not that this will ever perish. “And I think not the Hour will ever come, and if indeed I am brought back to my Lord, (on the Day of Resurrection), I surely shall find better than this when I return to Him.” * His companion said to him, during the talk with him: “Do you Disbelieve in Him Who created you out of dust (i.e. your father Aadam), then out of Nutfah (mixed semen drops of male and female discharge), then fashioned you into a man? * “But as for my part (I believe) that He is Allaah, my Lord and none shall I associate as partner with my Lord.} [Surah al-Kahf 18:35-38]

4) Kufr al-Iraadh: This implies turning away from the truth knowingly or deviating from the obvious signs which Allaah has revealed.

Allaah says:

مَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَأَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى ۚ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا عَمَّا أُنذِرُوا مُعْرِضُونَ

{We created not the heavens and the earth and all that is between them except with truth, and for an appointed term. But those who disbelieve turn away from that whereof they are warned.} [Surah al-Ahqaaf 46:3]

5) Kufr al-Nifaaq: This implies hypocritical disbelief.

Allaah says:

إِذَا جَاءَكَ الْمُنَافِقُونَ قَالُوا نَشْهَدُ إِنَّكَ لَرَسُولُ اللَّـهِ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يَعْلَمُ إِنَّكَ لَرَسُولُهُ وَاللَّـهُ يَشْهَدُ إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ لَكَاذِبُونَ * اتَّخَذُوا أَيْمَانَهُمْ جُنَّةً فَصَدُّوا عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ ۚ إِنَّهُمْ سَاءَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ * ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ آمَنُوا ثُمَّ كَفَرُوا فَطُبِعَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ فَهُمْ لَا يَفْقَهُونَ

{When the hypocrites come to you (O Muhammad), they say: “We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allaah.” Allaah knows that you are indeed His Messenger and Allaah bears witness that the hypocrites are liars indeed. They have made their oaths a screen (for their hypocrisy). Thus they hinder (men) from the Path of Allaah. Verily, evil is what they used to do. That is because they believed, then disbelieved, therefore their hearts are sealed, so they understand not.} [Surah al-Munaafiqoon 63:1-3]

[Summarized Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, Appendix 2, pg. 1076-1077, Maktaba Dar-us-Salam]

Du’a for a new born baby

بَارَكَ اللَّهُ لَكَ فِي الـمَوْهُوبِ لَكَ، وَشَكَرْتَ الوَاهِبَ، وبَلَغَ أشُدَّهُ، وَرُزِقْتَ بِرَّهُ

“May Allah bless you in His gift to you, may you give thanks to the giver of this gift, may the child reach the maturity of years, and may you be granted its righteousness.”

Jazaak Allah or Jazaak Allahu Khayr?

Jazaak Allah or Jazaak Allah Khayr?Jazaak comes from the root word jazaa‘ (جزاء) which according to the Arabic-English dictionary, has two meanings that are completely opposite to each other.

What is al-Hasad (envy)?

Shaikh Ibn al-`Uthaymeen رحمه الله said:

“Some of the people of knowledge have said: al-Hasad is: desiring that the grace bestowed by Allah عز وجل upon others decreases (or goes away); meaning: wishing that the grace is taken away from others, irrespective of the grace being in the form of wealth (and property) or status or knowledge or other than that.”

The meaning which Shaikh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah رحمه الله preferred: al-Hasad is: disliking that Allah has bestowed his grace upon someone, even if he doesn’t wish that it should diminish.

[Sharh Riyaadh al-Saaliheen]

Hasad is of varying degrees:
1 – When a person wants the blessing to be taken away from his Muslim brother, even if it does not come to him; rather he does not like Allaah to bless anyone else and that upsets him.
2 – Where he wants the blessing to be taken away from someone else because he wants it, in the hope that it will come to him.
3 – Where he wishes for himself a blessing like that which someone else has, without wanting it to be taken away from the other person. This is permissible and is not called hasad rather it is called ghibtah.

Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta’ (26/29).

Reward of Sitting At Your Place After Salah

Abu Hurairah reported the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم saying: ‘The angels invoke blessings on any of you who remains sitting at the place where he says his prayers so long as he is defiled (needs ablution) or stands up, saying:
O Allah, forgive him; O Allah, have mercy on him.’

Sahih (Al-Albani)
Sunan Abi Dawud 469
In-book : Book 2, Hadith 79
English translation : Book 2, Hadith 469

Whoever Spends Something Today Will Benefit From It Tomorrow – story

Whoever spends something today will benefit from it tomorrow and whoever does not spend will come to find nothing, and he will have a great loss in the house of dwelling (in the Hereafter).

Some of the Salaf said,

O son of Adam, you will only live on the Day of Judgment in what you have built, and you will find on that day what possessions you have prepared in your life.”

A women entered upon ‘A’ishah (radiy Allaahu anha), and her hand was paralysed. She said, “O mother of the Believers, I went to sleep yesterday and my hand was healthy, and I woke up and it was paralysed. ‘A’ishah said, “How is that?” She said, “I had wealthy parents, and my Father used to pay zakat, host guests, and give to beggars, and he did not see any good except that he would do it. As for my mother, she was stingy, and did nothing good with my Father’s wealth. Then my Father died, and my mother died only two months after him. So I saw my Father in a dream last night, and he was wearing two yellow garments and in front of him was a flowing river. I said, “Father, what is this?’ He said, “Whoever does good in this life will see it, this is what Allah has given me.” I said, “What has happened to my mother?” He asked, “Your Mother dies?” I said, “Yes”

He said, “She has been turned away from me, so look for her on your left” So I turned to my left, and I saw my mother standing naked, covering her lower half with a rag and in her hand was a piece of fat. She was calling out, “My sadness, my thirst’ When she became tired she would rub the fat with her hand and then lick it, while in front of her was a flowing river. I said, ‘O mother, why are you crying out of thirst, and there is a flowing river in front of you?’ She said, ‘I am not allowed to drink from it.’ I said, Can I give you some of the water?’ She said, ‘I wish you would do that.’ So I filled my hand with water and let her drink, and when she swallowed it I heard a voice on my right, ‘Whoever has given this woman water, may his hand be paralysed,’ and they repeated it twice. Then I awoke and my hand was paralysed, and I am not able to do anything with it. ‘A’ishah asked: ‘Did you recognise the rag she was wearing?’ I said, ‘Yes, O Mother of the Believers, it was exactly the same one I saw her wearing, for I had never seen my mother give anything as charity, except that one day my Father slaughtered a bull. So a beggar came to ask for some, so my mother gave him a bone that had some fat on it. And I saw one day that a beggar asked her for charity, so she gave him that exact rag.’

A’ishah (radiy Allaahu anha) said, Allah is the Most Great! Allah has told the truth, and the Messenger has delivered the message.

فَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْرًا يَرَهُ
وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرًّا يَرَهُ

“So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it,
And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it”

[al-Azalzalah (99): 7-8]

This was nararted by Hafiz Abu Musa al-Madani with a good isnad.[21]

Footnotes:

[21] Hakim in his al-Mustadrak, (4/471) and by Ibn Abi al-Dunya in his ‘Kitab al-Mujabi al-Du’a,(p.74-75). Ibn Rajab also authenticated it.

Source: Transcribed by AbdurRahman.org from the Book – “The Three that follow to the Grave” (pg 29-30) – Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali, Dar as-Sunnah Publishers, Birmingham, UK.

Nafl Prayers at Home #forgottenSunnah

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit [‫رضى الله عنه‬]: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ made a small room in the month of Ramadan and he prayed there for a few nights, and so some of his companions prayed behind him. When he came to know about it, he kept on sitting. In the morning, he went out to them and said,

“I have seen and understood what you did. You should pray in your houses, for the best prayer of a person is that which he prays in his house except the compulsory prayers.”

Ref: Sahih al-Bukhari 731

In-book: Book 10, Hadith 125

Eng: Vol. 1, Book 11, Hadith 698

Jabir [‫رضى الله عنه‬] reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: When any one of you observes prayer in the mosque he should reserve a part of his prayer for his house, for Allah would make the prayer as a means of betterment in his house.

Ref: Sahih Muslim 778
In-book ref : Book 6, Hadith 250
Eng: Book 4, Hadith 1705