The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and his companions رضي الله عنه explained how the funeral prayer is to be done
1. You say the first Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) then you seek refuge with Allaah from the accursed Shaytaan, then you say (Bismillah ir-Rahmaan ir-Raheem) and recite Surat al-Fatihah.
2. Then you say the second Takbeer & send blessings upon the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم as one does at the end of the prayer.
Allaahumma salli ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aali Muhammad kama sallayta ‘ala Ibraaheem wa ‘ala aali Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed. Allaahumma baarik ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aali Muhammad kama baarakta ‘ala Ibraaheem wa ‘ala aali Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed.
O Allah, send prayers upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as You sent prayers upon Ibraaheem and upon the family of Ibraaheem; You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory. O Allaah, send blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad as You sent blessings upon Ibraaheem and upon the family of Ibraaheem; You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory.
3. Then you say a third Takbeer and make Du’a for the deceased.
The best is to say:
“Allaahumma ighfir lihaayina wa mayitina wa shaahidina wa ghaa’ibina wa sagheerina wa kabeerina wa dhakarina wa unthaana. Allaahumma man ahyaytahu minna fa ahyihi ‘ala’l-Islam wa man tawaffaytahu minna fa tawiffahu ‘ala’l-eemaan. Allaahumma ighfir lahu warhamhu wa ‘aafihi wa a’fu ‘anhu, wa akrim nuzulahu wa wassi’ madkhalahu waghsilhu bi’l-maa’ wa’l-thalj wa’l-barad, wa naqqihi min al-khataaya kama yunaqqa’ al-thawb al-abyad min al-danas. Allaahumma abdilhu daaran khayra min daarihi wa ahlan khayra min ahlihi. Allaahumma adkhilhu al-jannah wa a’idhhu min ‘adhaab il-qabri wa min ‘adhaab il-naar wa afsah lahu fi qabrihi wa nawwir lahu fihi. Allaahumma laa tahrimna ajrahu wa la tadillanaa ba’dahu.
O Allaah, forgive our living and our dead, those who are present among us and those who are absent, our young and our old, our males and our females. O Allaah, whoever You keep alive, keep him alive in Islam, and whoever You cause to die, cause him to die with faith. O Allaah, forgive him and have mercy on him, keep him safe and sound and forgive him, honour the place where he settles and make his entrance wide; wash him with water and snow and hail, andm cleanse him of sin as a white garment is cleansed of dirt. O Allaah, give him a house better than his house and a family better than his family. O Allaah, admit him to Paradise and protect him from the torment of the grave and the torment of Hell-fire; make his grave spacious and fill it with light. O Allaah, do not deprive us of the reward and do not cause us to go astray after this.
All of this was narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
You can make Du’a with your own words or other words as well.
Allaahumma in kaana muhsinan fa zid fi ihsaanihi wa in kaana musee’an fa tajaawaz ‘an sayi’aatihi. Allaahumma ighfir lahu wa thabbit-hu bi’l-qawl il-thaabit.
O Allaah, if he was a doer of good, then increase his good deeds, and if he was a wrongdoer, then overlook his bad deeds. O Allaah, forgive him and give him the strength to say the right thing.
4. Then you say the fourth Takbeer and pause for a little while.
5. Then you say one Tasleem to the right, saying ‘Assalaamu ‘alaykum wa Rahmatullaah’.
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الْعَافِيَةَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ
“Allahumma inni as aluka al afiyah fiddunya wal-akhirah”
O Allah, I ask You for security in this world and in the Hereafter.
This is a du’a that Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم taught his uncle, Al-‘Abbas, to recite:
When you’re granted ‘afiyah by Allah, it means that you’re saved from affliction.
Being in a state of ‘afiyah involves having:
▪️Enough provision to live comfortably
▪️Forgiveness from Allah
▪️Protection over your children
You can learn an extended version of this short but powerful du’a below:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الْعَافِيَةَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الْعَفْوَ وَالْعَافِيَةَ فِي دِينِي وَدُنْيَاىَ وَأَهْلِي وَمَالِي اللَّهُمَّ اسْتُرْ عَوْرَتِي وَآمِنْ رَوْعَاتِي اللَّهُمَّ احْفَظْنِي مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَىَّ وَمِنْ خَلْفِي وَعَنْ يَمِينِي وَعَنْ شِمَالِي وَمِنْ فَوْقِي وَأَعُوذُ بِعَظَمَتِكَ أَنْ أُغْتَالَ مِنْ تَحْتِي
Allahumma inni as aluka al afiyah fiddunya wal-akhirah. Allahumma inni as aluka al-‘afwa wal-‘afiyah fiddini wa dunyaya, wa ahli wa mali. Allahumma ustur ‘awrati, wa amin raw’ati. Allahumma ihfazni min bayni yadayya wa min khalfi, wa ‘an yamini wa ‘an shimali wa min fawqi, wa ‘auoodu bi’azamatika an ughtala min tahti.
O Allah, I ask You for security in this world and in the Hereafter: O Allah! I ask You for forgiveness and security in my religion and my worldly affairs, in my family and my property; O Allah! Conceal my fault and keep me safe from the things which I fear; O Allah! Guard me in front of me and behind me, on my right hand and on my left, and from above me: and I seek in Your greatness from receiving unexpected harm from below me.
A woman changing her family name to that of her husband after she gets married.
This is not permissible in sharee’ah, because it is not allowed for anyone to claim to belong to anyone other than his or her father.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more just with Allaah…” [al-Ahzaab 33:5].
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
“Allaah has cursed the one who claims to belong to someone other than his father.”
(Reported by Imaam Ahmad and others)
Q: What are the methods I can use in order not to miss the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? I go to bed early but wake up after sunrise.
A: Every Muslim has to fear Allah (may He be Exalted) and offer the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers at their appointed times. He has to try all the means that help him in this regard. One of the means that he can try in order to offer the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer in congregation is to sleep early and to set the alarm for the Fajr prayer time. In this way he will be able to arise at the right time and attend the congregational Prayer. He should also ask Allah (may He be Exalted) to help him wake up at Fajr time. Another means he can try is to recite the Dhikr (remembrance of Allah) which is said upon sleeping. This way, Allah (may He be Exalted) will help him arise to offer Fajr Prayer in congregation.
[Majmoo’al-Fataawa Ibn Baaz, Vol.: 8, pg 276]
Shaykh Abdur-Razzaq al-Badr حفظه الله said:
From these points of wisdom are:
1. A great amount of reward.
2. That for the one who is constant in performing Dhikr after the Prayers, then this is a sign of the acceptance [of the Salah]. This is because from the signs of the acceptance of a good deed is the performance of another good deed after it.
3. What is befitting of a Muslim is that he is constantly moving between acts of obedience. So as soon as he completes an act of obedience he enters another one.
4. Dhikr completes and perfects the prayer and makes up for any deficiency in the Prayer.
From the Shaykh’s explanation of Umdat Al-Ahkam- Dhikr after the Prayer
Ten Points for the First Ten days of Dhul-Hijjah
1. The first ten days are actually nine days with the addition of the day of Eid. It is called the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, but only nine of it is for fasting as the tenth day is the beginning of Eid. It is impermissible to fast on the day of Eid, this is a consensus amongst the people of knowledge.
2. It is permissible to fast the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah with the last day being the day of Arafah for those not doing Hajj. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said in a hadith narrated by ibn Abbas رضي الله عنهما (in at-Tirimidhi): “There are not any days that good deeds are more beloved to Allah than those done in these ten days.”
3. In these days, it is recommended that there is a lot of remembrance of Allah سبحان و تعالى – this is for all of the ten days.
4. In these days, it is recommended that one makes takbir of Allah (saying Allahu akbar) – this is for all of the ten days.
5. In these days, it is recommended to read the Qur’an as much as possible and give charity – this is for all of the ten days.
6. The ninth day is the day of Arafah. The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said in an authentic narration: “Verily on the day of Arafah there is expiation of sins for the year before and the year after” (narrated by Abi Qatada رضي الله عنه, reported in Sahih Muslim and At-Tirmidhi). So therefore it is a great day, so it is recommended to fast that day for those not doing Hajj. Fasting is only permissible for the first nine days as the tenth day is the day of Eid.
7. Allah تعالى said: “That they may witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e. reward of Hajj in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade), and mention the name of Allah on appointed days (i.e. 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah), over the beast of cattle that He has provided for them (for sacrifice). (Surah al-Hajj: 28). Ibn Abbas رضي الله عنهما said: “The appointed days are the days of Arafah (9th), an-Nahr (10th) and the days of Tashreeq (11th, 12th and 13th ).
8. Whoever wishes to slaughter in these days it is not allowed to cut or remove any hair from his body or his nails, but this does not apply to his family, only the head of the family who is doing the slaughtering.
9. The ruling regards to slaughtering:
a. An individual who slaughters from his own wealth on behalf of himself and his family – It is not permissible for this individual to shave any hair from his body, remove any part of his skin or cut his nails.
b. An individual who slaughters from his own wealth for others e.g. he wishes to slaughter for his father or his mother – He too must not cut his hair, take from his skin or cut his nails.
c. Anybody who wishes to slaughter with someone else’s wealth, for somebody else .e.g. He has been entrusted by someone else to slaughter cattle for him – This individual is allowed to cut his hair, nails and skin etc.
10. Eid Al-Adha is four days in total: the tenth (the day of Eid prayer) and the days of tashreeq (the eleventh, twelve and thirteenth days of Dhul-Hijjah). It is impermissible to fast in these days for those not performing the Hajj. The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said: “The days of Tashreeq are days for eating, drinking and remembering Allah عز و جل” (narrated by Abi al-Maleeh رضي الله عنه, reported in Sahih Al-Muslim). Allah سبحان و تعالى said: “And remember Allah during the appointed Days.” (Surah Al-Baqarah: 203).
Taken from the works of Al-Imam Al-Baghawee, Al-Alaamah bin Baz and Al-Alaamah Ibn Uthaymeen, may Allah have mercy on them all and all the scholars of the Sunnah.
Compiled by Abu Abdur-Rahman Uways Taweel
Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه said that from the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم supplications were:
“Oh Allaah, I seek refuge with you
▪️From an evil neighbour; and
▪️From a wife who causes me to grow old before old age; and
▪️From a son who will become a master over me; and
▪️From wealth which will become a punishment for me; and
▪️From a cunning friend whose gaze is upon me & whose heart is plotting & planning against me, such that if he sees something good, he buries it & if he sees something bad he spreads it.”
اللهمَّ إني أعوذ بكَ من جارِ السُّوءِ ، ومن زوج تشيِّبني قبلَ المشيبِ ، ومن ولد يكونُ عليّ رَبّاً، ومن مالٍ يكونُ عَليّ عذاباً ، ومن خليلٍ ماكرٍ عينُه تراني ، وقلبُه يرعاني ؛ إنْ رأى حسنةً دفنَها ، وإذا رأى سيئّئةً أذاعَها
“Allahumma innee a’udhu bika min Jaaris Suu, wa min zawjin tashayyabanee qablal masheeb, wa min waladin yakoonu alaiyya rabban, wa min maalin yakoonu alaiyya ‘adhaaban, wa min khaleelin maakirin, ‘ainuhu taraanee, wa qalbuhu yar’aanee, in yaraa hasanatan dafanahaa, wa in yaraa sayyi’a’tan adhaa’ahaa”
(Collected by At Tabaraani in ‘Ad Dua’ (3/1425/1339) and its chain is declared ‘Jayyid’ (Good) by Shaikh Al Albaani in silsilatul Ahaadeethus Saheehah (No#3137)